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What Are The Different Types Of Fabrication

What Are The Different Types Of Fabrication?

In addition to our common types of fabrication such as stamping, cutting, and welding, keep reading and you will learn about the different types of fabrication and their manufacturing techniques in this article.

What is a Fabrication?

Fabrication transforms raw materials into finished products or components, a process metal fabricators drive using techniques like cutting, welding, and machining. They shape and assemble materials to meet specific designs and requirements, crucial in industries such as automotive, aerospace, construction, and electronics.

What Are The Different Types Of Fabrication

Types of Fabrication Processes

Read on, and by familiarizing yourself with the types of processing and their applications, you can choose the most appropriate techniques and materials for your project to ensure the best possible results.

Metal Processing Manufacturing

Metal fabrication is widely used in many industry sectors, including automotive, aerospace, and construction. In these fields, a variety of metal materials (e.g., steel, aluminum, and copper) are used to create a wide range of structures and components. The main metal fabrication techniques include the following:

Cutting

Cutting tools remove unwanted parts from ferrous or non-ferrous metal workpieces to obtain the desired shape and size. Different types of finished metal products, such as diamond plates, corrugated metal plate, steel bars, and tubes, can also be cut using power tools or hand-held blades such as hacksaws, back saws, or top saws.

Welding

Welding is the joining of multiple pieces of metal together through heat and pressure. This technique is applicable to different types of metals and can produce components of various shapes and sizes. Two of the most common types are MIG (metal inert gas) welding and TIG (tungsten inert gas) welding, which are used in a variety of fields, including construction.

Bending

Sheet metal is deformed by bending or folding, thus transforming flat metal into curved surfaces or maintaining a different shape. One of the most common types of bending is air bending, which involves less contact with the metal and is often used in processes such as ADS laser cutting, dimple folding or step bending. Air bending is simpler than other methods and does not require specialized tooling or embossing, making it widely used in sheet metal processing.

For more information, see the article: How to Bend Sheet Metal: A Step-by-Step Guide.

CNC Turning

CNC turning is a type of machining of a workpiece by means of a computer numerical control (CNC) machine. In this machining process, the workpiece is held in place on a rotating spindle while a tool moves along the axial direction of the workpiece, removing material to create the desired shape and size. CNC turning is commonly used in the production of a variety of metal and plastic parts such as bearings, threads, pins, and more.

Deep Drawing Stamping

Deep drawing stamping works by stretching or deepening a sheet metal or billet under the action of a die to form a desired three-dimensional shape or structure. This technique is commonly used to produce parts and components with deep concave or specialized shapes, such as automotive body parts, cabinet components, and others.

Metal Stamping

Metal stamping is the application of force to stamp or press metal sheets or blanks into specific shapes in a die to create a variety of parts and components. Metal stamping is typically used to produce large quantities of metal parts.

Wood Processing  Manufacturing

Woodworking manufacturing has been widely used in furniture, construction and cabinetry. It involves shaping and assembling wood to create structures that are practical and have an aesthetic appearance. Wood manufacturing techniques typically employed include:

Sawing

This first step involves cutting raw lumber into specific sizes and shapes using a sawmill. The process is fundamental for creating the basic building blocks needed for further woodworking.

Planing

After sawing, the wood often needs to be smoothed and made perfectly flat. This is done using a planer or planer-slicer, which shaves the wood to give it a uniform thickness and a smooth surface, preparing it for finishing touches or assembly.

Inlaying

This technique involves joining multiple pieces of wood together, often using different types or colors of wood to create a decorative pattern on the surface. Inlaying not only enhances the strength of the wood components but also adds unique aesthetic details.

Carving

Carving is used to add artistic elements to wood. Skilled craftsmen or automated CNC carving machines intricately sculpt the wood, creating detailed patterns or figures that elevate the visual appeal of the wood product.

Bonding

Wood components are often bonded together to form larger structures or composite wood products. This is achieved using strong adhesives or glues that ensure the wood pieces hold together firmly, enhancing the durability and integrity of the final product.

Composite Manufacturing

Composite manufacturing mainly utilizes a variety of materials with different compositions to fuse the reinforcement with the resin matrix. Widely used in areas such as automobiles and sports equipment, common composite manufacturing techniques include:

Laminated Molding

Different types of materials, such as fiber-reinforced plastic (FRP) or carbon fiber, are mixed with resin, then laminated together and pressed into shape at high temperatures and pressures.

Injection Molding

By mixing thermoplastic resins with fibers or fillers, the mixture is then injected into a mold and processed to shape under high pressure.

Carbon Fiber Manufacturing

Carbon fibers are combined with resin and then formed into a composite material using methods such as compression or blow molding.

Plastics Manufacturing

Plastic manufacturing is mainly used in the production of packaging, electronics and various everyday consumer products. Products are manufactured using various types of plastics such as plastic bags, bottles, and even cell phone casings. Common plastic manufacturing techniques include:

Injection Molding

By heating plastic pellets and injecting them into a mold, high pressure is used to fill the mold with plastic, and the finished product is removed when it cools and solidifies. Injection molding is suitable for the production of plastic products of various sizes and shapes, such as parts, containers, toys and so on.

Blow Molding

Heated plastic pellets are extruded to form tubes, which are then blown through the mold to form the cavity portion of the product, which is ultimately cooled and solidified for molding. Blow molding is commonly used to produce hollow containers, bottles, plastic pipes, etc.

Hot Compression Molding (HCM)

Preheated plastic sheet is placed in a mold and pressed to shape under high pressure and temperature, suitable for producing plastic tableware, trays, etc.

CNC Milling

A CNC milling machine is a type of machining service that utilizes computer numerical control (CNC) machine controls to create a variety of shapes and features by cutting the surface of a workpiece with a rotating tool.

What Are The Different Types Of Fabrication

It is a type of milling machine; see the article “10 Types of Milling Machines” for more information on other different types of milling machines.

Does it Require Processing?

If you are in need of professional manufacturing services, please feel free to contact Shanghai Widetop Hardware Co.

With over 20 years of industry experience and an experienced team, we will support you at every stage of manufacturing, from the initial stages of product design to the delivery of the final product. Whether you need metal fabrication services, customized metal parts, or expert advice, we’re here to help.

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